Updated: Dec 28, 2019
Dysmenorrhea, also known as painful periods or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation.
It occurs around the time when menstruation begins.
Symptoms of Painful Periods
- You may suffer from the pain in lower abdomen, back and pelvis (the lower part of the abdomen that is located between the hip bones in a female).
- Pain may radiate to the thighs and lower back.
- Pain may occur 1 or 2 days before onset of period and may subside once the flow begins or sometimes symptoms may last up to 2 to 3 days.
- Menstrual pain may be cramping, cutting, stitching, spasmodic or sometimes may be so severe that it may hamper day to day life activities, forcing you to lie on bed.
- Associated symptoms often co-occurring with menstrual pain include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, disorientation, fainting and fatigue, painful tender breasts, mental irritability, etc.
Symptoms of dysmenorrhea often begin immediately after ovulation (release of egg) and can last until the end of menstruation. This is because dysmenorrhea is often associated with changes in hormonal levels in the body that occur with ovulation.
In particular, prostaglandins induce abdominal contractions that can cause pain and gastrointestinal symptoms(nausea,vomiting, diarrhoea), etc.
Causes of Painful Periods
- Primary Dysmenorrhea
It occurs without an associated underlying condition. In young women, painful periods often occur due to low hemoglobin, internal weakness, etc.
- Secondary Dysmenorrhea
It has a specific underlying cause, typically a condition that affects the uterus or other reproductive organs.
In adult and elderly women, it is more often due to an underlying issues such as uterine fibroids, adenomyosis or endometriosis, ovarian cysts, pelvic congestion due to PID pelvic inflammatory disease), etc.
It is more common among those with heavy periods, irregular periods, whose periods started before twelve years of age or who have a low body weight.
Types of Painful Periods
1. Spasmodic Dysmenorrhea
It is the most common dysmenorrhea with cramping pains, mostly on the first and second day of menstruation.
The pain is of uterine origin, seen in young girls. Causes may be narrow cervix, uterine abnormalities, hormonal factors, psychogenic causes ( seen in fearful, anxious women with low threshold for pain), etc.
2. Congestive Dysmenorrhea
It is manifested as increasing pelvic discomfort and pelvic pain few days before the commencement of menses.
It is always relieved by the menstrual flow. Patient is elderly beyond 30 years. The pain is always related to pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic endometriosis.
3. Membranous Dysmenorrhea
The cramping pain is usually accompanied by the passage of membranes which may take the form of casts of the uterine cavity.
It is usually rare, runs in families and recur after pregnancy.
4. Ovarian Dysmenorrhoea
Ovarian dysmenorrhoea is due to ovarian dysfunction and the pain is felt two to three days before menses in lower abdomen and lower back.
Mechanism of Painful Periods
During a woman's menstrual cycle, the endometrium (lining of uterus) thickens in preparation for potential pregnancy. After ovulation (release of egg) , if the ovum (egg) is not fertilized and there is no pregnancy, the built-up uterine tissue is not needed and thus shed (bleeding occurs).
The underlying mechanism of primary dysmenorrhea is the contractions of the muscles of the uterus which induce a local ischemia (lack of blood supply).
Prostaglandins are released during menstruation, due to the destruction of the endometrial cells and cause the uterus to contract. These substances are thought to be a major factor in primary dysmenorrhea.
When the uterine muscles contract, they constrict the blood supply to the tissue of the endometrium which in turn breaks down and dies. These uterine contractions continue as they squeeze the old, dead endometrial tissue through the cervix and out of the body through the vagina. These contractions, and the resulting temporary oxygen deprivation to nearby tissues are responsible for the pain or cramps experienced during menstruation.
Diagnosis of Painful Periods
The diagnosis of dysmenorrhea is usually made simply on a medical history of menstrual pain and pelvic examination. Sometimes ultrasound , laparoscopy may be required.
What can I do to Avoid Painful Periods or Improve my Situation ?
1) You can apply heat such as hot water bottle to abdomen.
2) You should take adequate rest during periods.
3) Nourishing diet with fruits and plenty of fluid must be taken.
4) Slight exercise can be done.
5) You must avoid any activity which causes stress and strain to your body.
What can Homeopathy do ?
Homeopathy strengthens the immune power of female and help to overcome the pain quickly.
It acts on the root cause of pain and provides relief.
Homeopathic constitutional medicine is selected after individualization taking into account your present symptoms, history of dysmenorrhea, medicinal intake history (painkillers, oral contraceptive pills, etc), physical and mental symptoms, associated symptoms along with factors that increase or decrease your pain .
The aim is to prevent you from suffering of painful menses completely and also save you from long continuous use of harmful painkillers.
In cases where anaemia is the cause, we tend to rectify the cause which leads to decrease in hemoglobin level. Just giving iron supplement does not solve the problem.
Same applies for uterine and ovarian dysfunction, pelvic inflammatory diseases, fibroids, cysts ,etc. Unless we treat the underlying cause , we can't cure the problem completely.
Top 10 Homeopathic Medicines for Periods Pain
1. Homeopathic remedy MAGNESIUM PHOSPHORICUM works like wonders when the menstrual pains are spasmodic, neuralgic or cramping, cutting, shooting in nature. You get better by warmth, bending double and pressure. It covers stringy or membranous menstrual flow extreme flatulence and colic in abdomen.
2. If there is agonizing pain in abdomen, compelling you to bend over or bring the knees up to create pressure on the abdomen then homeopathic remedy COLOCYNTHIS can be helpful to relieve pain.
Pains are like lightning shocks, crampy pain in hips is felt. You become extremely irritable and impatient.
3. If there is pain in lower back with nausea or constipation along with irritability then homeopathic remedy NUX VOMICA can be helpful. Pain gets better by heat. There are irregular menstrual periods with constricting pains that can extend to the rectum or the area above the tailbone. You may become impatient, irritable, and easily offended. Chilliness and constipation are also common. Mental strain, anger, physical exertion, stimulants, strong foods, and alcohol increases the pain.
4. Homeopathic remedy CHAMOMILLA works well when there is mental restlessness and pain along with diarrhoea. There is strong labour like painful cramps leading to anger and moaning. Pain is increased by heat.
5. If there is cramping and pain that get worse as the flow increases, pain extend down the back and up to neck with muscle tension, then homeopathic remedy CIMICIFUGA is well indicated. There are sharp pains like electric shocks that shoot upward, down the thighs, or across the pelvis, You may be nervous, enthusiastic, and talkative by nature, yet feel pessimistic and fearful when unwell.
6. Homeopathic remedy BELLADONNA works well when symptoms that are very intense and come and go suddenly, accompanied by a feeling of heat. The menstrual flow is typically bright red, profuse, and may have begun too early. Pain and cramping increases from pressure and touch, yet applying steady pressure often brings relief. Walking or bending over increases pain.
7. If there is delayed or suppressed menstrual flow accompanied by nausea or faintness then homeopathic remedy PULSATILLA can work wonders. Cramping pain with scanty flow or thick, dark, clotted discharge. You may feel emotional (tearful) and moods are changeable as well.
8. If there is painful, late, or suppressed menstruation, sometimes with a feeling that the pelvic floor is weak or as if the uterus is sagging or will come out then homeopathic remedy SEPIA is well indicated. Bearing down sensation tends to make you sit crossing your legs to prevent uterus from coming out. You may feel irritable, sad, losing interest temporarily in marital and family interactions, wanting to be left alone. Dampness, perspiring, and doing housework may increase the symptoms. Warmth and exercise, especially dancing often helps.
9. If there is colicky or crampy pain in abdomen during periods with scanty flow lasting only for a few hours then homeopathic remedy VIBURNUM OPULUS can work wonders. The pains get worse in the lower abdomen and extend down to thighs.
10. If menstrual pain is accompanied by fever in aneamic females then homeopathic remedy FERRUM PHOSPHORICUM is well indicated.
There is excessive heat in body. The periods occur frequently with much pain with bright red blood. There may be vomiting of undigested food. There is extreme weakness.
Note : These are indicated medicines and should be taken after advice of qualified Homeopathic Doctor. A constitutional medicine is prescribed according to case history and individualization of patient which stops further recurrence of Painful Periods / Dysmenorrhea
Why Choose Homeopathy Online for Treatment of Painful Periods / Dysmenorrhea ?
With Homeopathy Online , during your first online consultation, case history is taken which includes your present main complaint, duration of the symptoms, family history, mental symptoms, any treatment if you have undergone before. Also, we take into account the overall picture of patient – the emotional makeup and general health, the type of illness and specific “modalities” that make the symptoms better or worse. In this way we individualize one patient from another, hence the medicine is then prescribed.
After the consultation, finally we provide you the required steps which you need to take to get rid of the problem from its root cause :
1. The medicine prescription, if medicines are required to be taken
2. Diet Chart
4. Weekly or Monthly follow up, depending upon the severity of problem
To book appointment for the Treatment of Painful Periods / Dysmenorrhea, please visit at -> https://www.homoeopathy-online.com/book-appointment
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